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Showing content with the highest reputation since 07/13/2011 in Blog Entries

  1. 2 points
    People globally enjoy partaking in the pungent flowers of the Cannabis plant, seeking the euphoric psycho-activity unique to this plant, whether for pain relief, pleasure or pastime. Many people though are unaware of the amazing benefits of Raw, organic Cannabis Juice. In raw form, Cannabis leaves and the tri-chrome covered flowers are concentrated with non-psychoactive, anti-biotic, anti-fungal, anti-viral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immune-regulating and anti-cancer nutrient compounds including lesser-known Tetrahydrocannabicannabidiol (CBD), and Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) both of which are proving to be therapeutic substances capable of preventing and/or reversing a plethora of chronic and debilitating illnesses. When you begin juicing “raw” cannabis, you will consume cannabinoids in their acid forms. The raw form of CBD is CBDA or cannabidiolic acid. The raw form of THC is THCA or tetrahydrocannabinolic acid. These are the A arrangements of the molecules, the non-psychoactive forms. The acids of this plant are not psychoactive unless they are decarboxylated, or heated. When decarboxylation takes place the acids are converted to Δ9-THC and CBD. Recently CBD is making waves in research, being regarding as a highly medicinal substance with unique immune-regulating capabilities. The human body already contains an endogenous cannabinoid system, complete with different types of cannabinoid receptors, introducing cannabinoids to your systems can help normalize the body's functions, including cellular communication, regeneration and repair, as well as regulating immune function. JUICING WORKS! Because it provides the cannabinoid acids, which are potent anti-inflammatory compounds that help activate and regulate the endocannabinoid system. When you juicing is done properly, you should not have to worry about psycho-activity. Though preparing the juice improperly may lead to heating the solution and causing THC to form, this can be said of pasteurization, even flash pasteurization. I utilize the power of raw Cannabis in juiced form myself. This juice possesses a powerful grassy taste, definitely lacking in the flavor department. It is best mixed into a smoothie for those with sensitive palates, chased with apple juice or lemonade or just straight for veterans and die-hards. No matter the taste, it is worth the power-house of nutrients found within. Canna Juicers will notice a strong increase in energy levels, feeling invigorated almost immediately. I am unsure as to why this amount of energy is produced, I am pretty sure it has something to do with the metabolism of the acid components of the juice, leaving it exceptionally beneficial to those with chronic-fatigue issues. This juice has appetite suppressant qualities, as you do not feel the urge to eat as often, and there are no “munchies” associated with raw Cannabis juice. One downfall is, in its raw form Cannabis Juice does not have a long-shelf life. The neon-green juice begins to turn the mucky-brown of oxidation about as quickly as an apple once bitten into. I would not recommend keeping juice longer than 12 hours as the nutritional value begins to degrade. You are able to store the juice in the freezer for a period of 6-12 months, though fresh is best! My friend and Juicing Guru, Dr. William Courtney, of Mendocino County California recommends that patients juice 15-20 leaves per day. Cannabis leaves have the highest CBD levels, and therefore are the best for juicing. Prime juicing material is found when the plants are between 70-85 days old. He believes that individuals with compromised immune systems from autoimmune disorders, cellular dysfunction, chronic inflammation, cancer and various other illnesses can derive a wide range of health-promoting benefits by consuming organic raw Cannabis Juice. I believe that Cannabis, and the compounds found within are vital nutrients missing from our modern, prohibitionist, western diet. Give raw, organic Cannabis juicing a try, feel the benefits for yourself, and then share the news with your friends and loved ones. Don’t be afraid to cure yourself! Cannadad
  2. 2 points
    DIY CO2 Extraction? Posted by Skunk Pharm Research,LLC. I don’t know about ya’ll, but I have been watching CO2 Super Critical Fluid (SFE) with interest and have wanted to sample some cannabis essential oils extracted by that method, but the cost of conventional SFE equipment, is outside the range of most of our finances. For the rest of ya’ll just learning of the process, let’s quickly examine what SFE is, by looking at what Wikipedia has to say about it, followed by our kicking off our affordable DIY CO2 extractor design project: Supercritical carbon dioxide From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Carbon dioxide pressure-temperature phase diagram Supercritical carbon dioxide is a fluid state of carbon dioxide where it is held at or above its critical temperature and critical pressure. Carbon dioxide usually behaves as a gas in air at standard temperature and pressure (STP), or as a solid called dry ice when frozen. If the temperature and pressure are both increased from STP to be at or above the critical point for carbon dioxide, it can adopt properties midway between a gas and a liquid. More specifically, it behaves as a supercritical fluid above its critical temperature (31.1 °C) and critical pressure (72.9 atm/7.39 MPa), expanding to fill its container like a gas but with a density like that of a liquid. Supercritical CO2 is becoming an important commercial and industrial solvent due to its role in chemical extraction in addition to its low toxicity and environmental impact. The relatively low temperature of the process and the stability of CO2 also allows most compounds to be extracted with little damage or denaturing. In addition, the solubility of many extracted compounds in CO2 vary with pressure,[1]permitting selective extractions. Soooo, in us’n layman’s terms, we use plain old CO2, that we have gotten hotter than 31.1C/87.98F, while under at least 1086 pounds per square inch pressure. In that state, the CO2 becomes a super solvent, which has higher penetration power, and can be fine tuned to focus in on specific constitutes, by varying the pressure, temperature, and by the use of co-solvents like ethanol or hexane. Fair enough, and easy enough to accomplish several ways! Traditionally a high pressure intensifier pump is used to achieve the required pressures. Cryo-pumping also works. You start with liquid CO2 or dry ice and heat it in an enclosed space. My first conceptual of a system that was semi affordable, was a simple minded system using liquid CO2 and heat to run it at about 1500 PSI. That eliminated the pumps normally used and by using a liquid Dewar with a dip tube, with both a gas head and a liquid tap, the need for any liquid pumps is eliminated as well. It is designed to use readily available Schedule 180 austenitic stainless pipe and its largest component is small enough to fit in my 7″ X 36″ lathe. My original plan was to use an existing hydraulic cylinder for my vessel, but alas, carbon steel embrittles excessively at cryogenic temperatures. My design calls for achieving pressure by simply heating the pipe with available pipe band heaters. Pressure was controlled using a conventional, though expensive back pressure regulator. Please note the attached conceptual, which reflects my thinking four to five years ago. I put the project on the back burner after reading the SFE CO2 patents for extracting cannabis, and noting that CO2 isn’t a very aggressive solvent and the patented processes used significant fluid exchange rates, as well as relatively long spans of time. To compound that, reports from those testing SFE CO2 extractions reported poor taste and effects, so I put CO2 extraction on the back burner to just watch for awhile. Within the last couple of years several folks have done some interesting work starting with dry ice. The first that I noted was able to maintain high enough pressure in a test tube to keep dry ice from sublimating as it warmed, so as to extract some Limonene from an orange peel. That led me to question whether super critical pressures were required to extract the essential oils from cannabis that we typically extract with other solvents, and further experiments by others suggests that it is not. Some even report better results at subcritical pressures, especially with the use of co-solvents. Sub critical extraction presents an interesting twist from a simplicity standpoint, so of course my simple mind immediately envisioned replacing the test tube with a pressure vessel containing dry ice in the bottom, and a basket of material suspended above it. Screw down lid and bring it up to temperature with a pipe clamp heater for pressure. Flooding is achieved by simply turning it upside down to soak the material and right side up to drain. That step could be repeated back and forth, to soak the material and keep the boundary layers diminished. On setting it upright the final time, we could bleed off the liquid into an expansion chamber and then to atmosphere, leaving behind the oil. I have decided to build a 2″ X 24″ prototype, and have acquired two resources on this project that emboldens me. One is the offer from a dear old friend, to allow me the use of his aerospace pressure and vacuum equipment manufacturing facilities for giggles and old times sake. The other is an agreement with another old friend, who owns a cryogenic equipment manufacturing plant back east and is familiar with SFE. We have a mutual engineering support agreement in effect, in exchange for my support on one of their projects with a former aerospace customer of mine, who is now their customer as well. For my support interfacing their equipment with equipment of my own design and manufacture before retirement, they will support me in developing a simple minded DIY SFE system, that hopefully more of us’ns can afford to build, or have built. So here is my first simple minded conceptual using liquid: Here is my simple minded conceptual starting with dry ice: OOPs, solly, watch this space! After working all day on the drawing, my 2002 32 bit Auto Cad program is not able to access my printer on my 64 bit processor, and I’m not smart enough to figure it out, so I have to find a computer hero or heroine first. The way my conceptual works, is the bottom of the cylinder is filled with dry ice , on top of which sits a wire basket of plant material. Clamp on band heaters turn the dry ice to liquid, which is circulated and soaked through the material by simply turning the cylinder upside down. After flipping it about a few times, over an extended soak, the vessel is set upright and attached to the lower expansion chamber via a hydraulic quick disconnect. The liquid is bled off, decompressed, and the oil collected from the decompression vessel via the bottom drain valve, as well as via the detachable bottom. Lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Progress! Well thank the Great Spirit for ex-brother in laws, who can sort out computer problems, so that I can print from virtual mode. Hee, hee, hee, kept him at tossed the sister………. Here is my simple minded conceptual of how such a dry ice system might work. More detail prints once I have exercised some resources. After further discussion with another experimenter, I have decided to build the system to operate at 5000 psi and below. Instead of using schedule 160 stainless pipe, I will gun grill a billet of stainless, but will keep the bore at one inch. Hi ya’ll! Been out talking to folks running commercial CO2 SFE units and would like to share some selected excerpts from their letters, to keep their identities confidential: Hi Graywolf, here is some pics of the unit i have been running for 8+ years. Our whole thing with this unit was to have maximum fractionation capabilities. The extraction vessel is rated to 10,000psi, and made of stainless!! We use a basket to hold the material and I’m having a natural cloth bag made that will go into the vessel and hopefully allow me to extract 2x current volume. There are some great graphs around the net that show the combinations of pressure and temps and the resulting density of co2. In general high pressure (we go up to 10,000psi) works well in combination with high temps (around 100c) and lower pressure around 5000 psi goes well with about 60c. I tried high pressure and while i need to try again to confirm, there seemed to be some degradation to the overall quality and definitely the fragrance. the yield was higher and its much more efficient requiring less co2. I already noticed on the bit of extract that i dissolved in ethanol and then winterized and filtered, the flavor is no where near what it was before going in the ethanol. I plan to try and get the waxes out with only co2. I cant see any advantage to using either hexane or ethanol or a mixture as a co solvent?? the compounds are easily soluble in co2 and usually those types of things will help to extract more polar compounds such as chlorophyll. It all depends on what your goals are? maybe he is using that mixture to help fractionate out the waxes?? I can do a small run next week using those co- solvents and report back if i see anything magic or some beautiful separation. maybe he is just some chemical engineer using a method that was used for another project and he is trying to apply it there? It seems really counterproductive to use co solvents and contaminate a great extract… maybe he can only do really low pressure and he requires the co solvent to help the efficiency?? I found material with a moisture content of around 10% to be fine. I don’t know what the implications of a slight amount of carbonic acid could mean? I have heard it can make oils rancid, but have run vegetable oils at 10+% moisture and had them test very low in peroxide values in respect to oxidation and rancidity. I do not see any problems with around 10% moisture, the water sometimes comes out with the extract and is sitting on top and the few mls there can be poured off. And from yet another hero! I. Extraction was performed by sub and supercritical CO2: Subcritical (liquid): 10-12 ºC @ 65-70 bar for approximately 6 hrs. Supercritical (liqid/gas): 40-45 ºC @ 230 bar for approximately 4 hrs. II. Separation of fats and sugars, by winterization, chromatography and high speed centrifugation. This part was very critical in the purification schema and required analysis of both the anaylate and precipitate. III. Purification, at this point one has two options, Flash Chromatography or Wiped Film Evaporation (Short-path) I performed both and in both techniques, one can obtain purities in the range of 95-99% total THC (∆9, ∆8 and ∆6) with the purity of ∆9 ranging anywhere from 78-98% depending on the parameters set. One last comment, probably the most important….. absolutely no petroleum derived hydrocarbon solvent was used. Except for the small amounts used for LC/MS analysis. This was my driving force to see if it could actually be pulled off. 12-21-12 We are moving this project from research to active experimentation in our FY 2013, now that the shack and Terpenators projects are a fait accompli. What I did in FY 2012, was simply research and develop resources. It was good that I did, as further research put things in better perspective. While I determined that my simple minded CO2 SCFE system would work, it raises a the bigger germane question of why is this trip necessary, given how effective BHO and some of the other extraction methods are. Why spend the money for this more expensive fish trap, if we already have the fish? The answer lies in that what CO2 SFE extraction shines at, is selective extraction. By fine tuning the pressure and temperature, as well as using co-solvents, specific components may be extracted, while leaving behind everything else. That is of less value when discussing cannabis essential oil extraction, in that it has been determined that it is the entourage effects of all the terpenes present, including the diterpene cannabinoids, that are responsible for its medicinal properties. That however doesn’t mean that we can’t specifically focus on that list of terpenes. The other thing that my research made clear, and that is using one vessel to process the material and raise the pressure in, would result in extractions along the entire temperature/pressure curve. Woops, no selectivity there, but easily solved by bringing the liquid CO2 or dry ice up to a higher temperature and pressure in a separate vessel, and then equalizing it with the one containing the plant material! Easy, but the system complexity grows. One of the interesting things that my research turned up during tete a tetes with brothers owning and operating commercial CO2 SCFE’s, and bumblers like myself whomping up DYI ghetto extraction equipment, is the wide range of processes that different operators have achieved a modicum of success at. One operator simply took the valve out of a CO2 bottle and filled it with plant material and dry ice, before replacing the valve and heating the tank to SCFE ranges. He then inverted the tank and vented the CO2 into a catch container, where it left cannabis essential oils behind. He claimed his best success using co-solvents at ~5500 psi and that his product was superior to all competing, but alas, I was never able to sample it and his spamming got him banned from the forums where we shared information. Commercial SCFE operators report successful sub critical products as low as 350psi, and another at 850psi, but I haven’t been able to sample their successes, to confirm my own opinion of product quality. There in lies the rub of course, as there is no common measurement and each creator loves his creation. Fortune has ostensibly smiled on us however, in that two of the operators that I have been conversing with, have agreed to work more closely with us and to supply confirmation samples. Hee, hee, hee…………………………… Even simpler DIY SCFE C02 6-2-13 Hee, hee, hee, you have to admire simplicity. Here is the system by jyndustriez which I mentioned, that simply puts the plant material in an off the shelf CO2 tank, and floods it with liquid C02 from a second off the shelf tank, before heating to achieve super critical state. More information on how he accomplishes that at http://jyndustriez.blogspot.com/, but here are some pictures he has shared: 8-25-2013 Progress! We got to play with a donated SCFE CO2 extraction sample and were able to heat it under vacuum and observe the effects. As received, the sample was in a “wax” hydrate form, and was not aromatic. The flavor was mild, and the effects were good. As it was a small sample, I was unable to winterize it to remove the waxes, but I was able to heat it to 115F, under vacuum, and observe what happened. The sample out gassed significant CO2, even though at 115F decarboxylation was minimal, and never quite turned clear, due to the high wax content, but that isn’t unique, as BHO extracts are improved by wax removal as well. On the surface however, the wax content seemed high, compared to our typical BHO extraction, so I look forward to a large enough sample to winterize and determine just how much. Here is a starting and ending photo, demonstrating the ending wax content. http://skunkpharmresearch.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/c02-sample-1-2.jpg?w=855&h=774 To add to our excitement, last week we got a guided tour of Eden Labs during our recent business trip to Seattle! What fun!!! Patrick, one of Eden Lab’s bright new sales consultants, attended one of our BHO classes and subsequently invited us for a tour, so how could we resist, hee, hee, hee, snicker, snark, snort………………? Always a pleasure to see how the pros from Dover do things, and I do likes the way they detail a package. We lucked out in finding the original creator available and got our guided tour from Fritz himself. Besides his latest creation, we got to see not only his original test sled, but some of the R&D that may make great strides someday, when Fritz can find enough time to finish them, between current product demands………. Their latest all stainless creation was in final assembly and testing, and was capable of extracting not only with subcritical and Super critical C02, but also with refrigerants like butane and propane. It was appointed well, and used pneumatic intensifiers both for the hydrocarbon pump, as well as the SCFE CO2 pump. It also sported a unique closure system, which simply spins close and that greatly simplifies loading, as compared to a 12 bolt flange with a torque wrench. The vessel itself uses a Schedule 160 stainless core, but adds water jackets, so as to permit the use of a commercial heater/chiller for temperature control. The unit that we looked at, had a $60K base price, plus the price of the hydrocarbon extraction capabilities. Not cheap, and more complicated that most folks should attempt at home, but if you need a machine capable of a quality extract, in commercial quantities, you will need to step up to a system of this caliber, which includes pumps to cycle the C02, and C02 recycle to recover it afterwards. Fritz did note that one of the things on his list of thangs he is juggling, is a smaller lab sized unit, which fills the market window for a smaller unit that doesn’t recycle. Looking forward to see what comes up there! From a process perspective, Fritz shared that the aromatic extractions are best done at low pressures and as the pressure goes up, so does the rate of chlorophyll extraction. Based on his and other input, I will focus on the range from 800 psi to 3500 psi. While I’ve heard operating parameters up to 9500 psi, the lower ranges sound more believable. As unbelievable as it may sound, ah think sometimes operators shuck me, cause they are trying to protect process secrets and lead me astray. 10-27-13 Lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu lu!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1 The Great Spirit smiled and JYNdustriez loaned us a CO2 extraction setup and will show us how to use it, when he visits to watch Dr. Fischedick’s lecture on 11-2. I’ve also located a local brother with an Eden Lab machine, who is amenable to experimentation, so things are heating up in the area of CO2 extraction at Skunk Pharm Research. We will have machines from both ends of the price scale to experiment with. Sound CO2 has also extended us an invitation to visit, and they run Apeks equipment, soooo even though our CO2 project was slow getting in motion this year, it looks like it is finishing with a bang. 1-31-14 Hee, hee, hee, check out JYN’s latest link on DIY SCFE CO2 http://jyndustriezllc.com/diy-co2-extraction-crumble-wax-shatter/
  3. 2 points
    EDDIEKIRK

    Decarboxylation

    Decarboxylation Posted by Skunk Pharm Research,LLC. Cannabis produces phyto cannabinoids in a carboxylic acid form that are not orally active at least at the CB-1 receptor sites, because they don’t readily pass the blood brain barrier in their polar form. To enable them to pass the blood brain barrier, they must first be decarboxylated, to remove the COOH carboxyl group of atoms, which exits in the form of H20 and CO2. Decarboxylation occurs naturally with time and temperature, as a function of drying, but we can shorten the amount of time required considerably, by adding more heat. The more heat, the faster it occurs, within reasonable ranges, and in fact occurs spontaneously when the material is burned or vaporized. There is another mechanism at play however, which suggests that we need to control the decarboxylation temperatures carefully. When we heat cannabis to convert the THCA and CBDA into THC and CBD, we are also converting THC to CBN at a faster rate. At about 70% decarboxylation, we actually start converting THC to CBN at a faster rate than we are converting THCA to THC, so as you can see by the following graph, after about 70% decarboxylation, the levels of THC actually start to fall sharply. That of course means that the CBN also begins to rise and the medication is becoming more sedative. Thank you Jump 117 for this excellent graph! Decarboxylation graph Another fly in the ointment, is that we can never know for sure exactly what the starting state of decarboxylation is, so the times at temperature shown on the graphs are an average. We can’t expect dry material placed in an oven at any given temperature to be that uniform temperature throughout instantly upon placing it in a heated oven, nor know for sure the state of decarboxylation by simple observation. Decarboxylating plant material, also alters the taste (roasted/toasted), which some find less agreeable, and of course decarboxylating also evaporates away the smaller Monoterpenes and Sequiterpenes alcohols, phenols, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, and esters. The good news is that it is dirt simple to monitor the state of cannabis oil decarboxylation placed in a 121C/250F hot oil bath, because you can watch the CO2 bubble production. Just like the curves suggest, CO2 bubble production will proceed at its own observable rate. By keeping the puddle of oil lightly stirred on the bottom and in the corners of the pot (I use a bamboo skewer), so as to keep the bubbles broken free and floating to the top, you can tell exactly when the bubble formation suddenly tapers off at the top of the curve. That is the point that we take it out of the oil for maximum head effect, and we leave it in until all bubbling stops, if we want a more sedative night time med. Here are a couple pictures of what oil looks like when boiling off the residual butane. Residual butane or alcohol produces larger, randomly sized bubbles, and is fully purged, when they cease. I am seemingly missing the middle picture of the CO2 bubbles, so I will add it later, but the second picture shows what fully decarboxylated oil looks like. Residual solvent bubbles above: Quiescent oil. Join us here on the site to talk with the Pharmers today.
  4. 2 points
    Heavy GrowTv Visits Healing Green MMD on Youtube Click Below http://t.co/ZHfqYWbbzH I'll be visiting OMMP dispensaries in Mid Willamette Valley area. My first stop was my old stomping ground Healing Green MMD, located at 769 N Main St. Independence, OR. Healing Green is definitely the hub for medical marijuana patients, growers, and activists. Michael and Katherine Heyct run the show around there with the help from a few dedicated volunteers. Upon entering the establishment your welcome to a comfortable, cozy purple waiting room decorated with some pictures of classic rock heroes. Through a barred window patients register with their card and odl. Only takes a few minutes but worth the effort because the staff takes detailed notes for all patients. This lets the dispensary know patients needs, likes, dislikes, and other updates. Behind the doors a large glass displays filled with everything a patient needs leading you to the rear where the bud tiers and register are. Along with a large variety of flowers from $7-12 g they also have BHO, Oils, Hash, Concentrates, Vape Reloads, Pens, Pipes, Water Pipes, and all kinds of accessories. One on the volunteers, Jenn Flouk, is the in house baker. She provides Healing Green with delicious medibles. She is always expanding her menu and Healing Green is always expanding their inventory. They cater to the needs of patients and have formed a positive OMMP community in the Polk County area. Heavy, Heavy GrowTv Youtube http://t.co/ZHfqYWbbzH Twitter https://twitter.com/HeavyMicroGrow Facebook https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100005960658466 Google https://plus.google.com/u/0/112317969997015932619
  5. 2 points
    Hi everyone, For those of you who don't browse the forums or just haven't read my introduction, my pseudonym is Skyler Cannabaceae. I keep my legal name confidential due to the fact that I live in Pennsylvania, a state that still retains the old draconian marijuana laws mirroring the federal statutes. Since I am unable to legally obtain a medical marijuana card, I am in constant violation of state and federal law and subject to arrest. This isn't a great situation to be in, but it is what I have and I work with it as best I can. A little about me personally: I was diagnosed at age 15 with Chronic Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Persistent Daily Headache. More details are in the posts to follow, but let's just say I've been unhappy and in pain for a lot of years. Cannabis opened my eyes and quite literally saved my life, which I had been considering ending to stop the pain. Since I started using and studying cannabis, the things I've learned have made me truly believe that whoever my creator is who is watching over me brought this into my life to save me for good use and I've made it my life's mission to give the same information, relief and hope to other people who can benefit from cannabis. I've been graciously permitted to repost my blog here in your community. I think this is a great place that will bring a ton of great information to the people who need it without a lot of the nonsense I had to go through while researching. Luckily, I am a computer professional by trade, so I just ignore all the nonsense, but it is definitely still too difficult for the average user to get the information they are looking for without being constantly frustrated by ignorant advertisements, incorrect information due to improper or complete lack of research and internet trolls. With my blog and in this community, I hope to be able to be part of the solution in remedying this problem. You should not have to be a computer professional to get proper information & advice on your medicine. I'm going to take a fanboy moment and say that I am thrilled to be associated with the same blog as Skunk Pharm Research, LLC. As I've been researching and as I continue to, information from their experts has proved invaluable in putting me on the right path to what I was looking for. I hope to live up to the standard they have set. I am very pleased to meet all of you, I hope to get to know you better, I apologize for the brief flood of posts and please smoke responsibly, Skyler P.S.- I don't have a signature yet, because I haven't gotten around to it, but if you want to check out the blog directly, you can do so by clicking here: http://www.cannabissalvation.com.
  6. 1 point
    See our update below by Balance Me Beautiful 10 Great Starter Herbs and Their Properties You can find these herbs online or in stores that have large bulk herb selections. If you have herbs growing in your garden, you can use them fresh instead of dried, but you'll want to double the amount since dried herbs are more concentrated than fresh ones. If you're planning to use herbs medicinally, do your research! We're not doctors, and this isn't medical advice. Lavender — has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, thought to work as an insect repellent, can aid with headaches, sleep and relaxation Peppermint — is a digestive aid, thought to aid in fever reduction Spearmint — aids in digestion, reduces bloating, contains high amounts of antioxidant, invigorating Milk Thistle — thought to promote liver and gallbladder function, reported to detoxify and lower cholesterol Elderberries — has shown great success in treatment of influenza Fennel — long used as an aid to digestion and bloating, thought to have diuretic properties, improve milk supply in breastfeeding mothers, repel fleas; long used in India to soothe coughs Rosemary — used to improve memory, circulation, and act as an anti-carcinogen Chamomile — used as an aid for digestion, colds, and sleep Nettle — high in protein, iron, and vitamins Ginger — Proven to be useful for nausea, diarrhea, and arthritis, thought to aid in digestion more 10 Great Starter Essential Oils Most essential oils aren't cheap, but a little goes a long way. You can find them in health and hippie stores the world over, or online. I bought a starter set from Amazon years ago. [Here are some options - Cat] Grapefruit — used as an energizer, thought to brighten dull skin and hair, dilute toxic build up, and resolve water retention Lemon — antibacterial, an astringent, thought to detoxify, energize and brighten dull skin Orange — antibacterial; thought to act as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, aphrodisiac, boost immunity and detoxify Clary Sage — thought to be useful as a mild antidepressant, astringent, aphrodisiac, sedative, and digestive aid Rosemary — antibacterial, thought to stimulate hair growth and mental activity, be useful with respiratory problems and reduce pain Lavender — has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, used to calm anxiety, promote circulation and good respiration Peppermint — helps with indigestion and nausea, thought to aid with respiratory problems and headaches Spearmint — antiseptic, repels insects, thought to act as a restorative and a stimulant Eucalyptus — antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, a decongestant and a stimulant Tea Tree — antibacterial/microbial/viral, an insecticide and stimulant, thought to help with healing wounds, pain relief, and detoxification Health Benefits of Mint Leaves. http://www.balancemebeautiful.com/health-benefits-mint-leaves/ Source: How to make your own apothecary
  7. 1 point
    You must be a member to read the whole article. Please sign in (Free) Source: Dabber Dan's one run QWET
  8. 1 point
    Join us free on site and ask questions. Source: DIY Vacuum Purging Chamber
  9. 1 point
    <a href="http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/cannabissalvation/rHEz/~3/32932WDimSA/mystery-of-munchies-solved.html">Source</a>
  10. 1 point
    Source: Aloha! Happy Lei Day!
  11. 1 point
    Source: Getting the Green and Waxes Out Afterwards
  12. 1 point
    Source: Game changer Emulsifying Vegetable Glycerin and BHO for E-Juice
  13. 1 point
    I hope he will forgive me for doing this so publicly, but I thought an open letter would have a better chance of getting the needed attention quickly. I am publishing this as an open letter to NJWeedman.com (as he should be known). Hi, My name is Skyler. I'm the founder of The Cannabis Salvation Collective and editor of The Cannabis Salvation Blog (www.CannabisSalvation.com). I am medical cannabis patient, caregiver and activist in addition to my writing. I work with Philly NORML and am a regular contributor to Americans for Safe Access's website. I am from Philadelphia, but just moved out to Denver to treat my own health conditions and have a life. I am still heavily invested in my friends and clients back East. You mentioned in your video that you are having trouble affording travel for your treatment. One of the main goals of my organization is to make sure all legitimate medical cannabis users are able to get medicine, regardless of finances. To that end, I would like to offer you a job opportunity. I don't believe in giving charity to anyone who can help themself, so what I would like is contributions to the Blog site. You don't have to tailor what you say and I will only edit it for spelling, grammar and formatting (when it is written). You already know your message, you are a very eloquent speaker and you know cannabis laws and activism all too well. I can offer you $50 per substantive contribution. If it helps get the right information out about cannabis and changing the laws and helps you afford your medicine, I consider it to be a very wise investment. If you're having trouble affording the flight again, please let me know. I will make it happen if I have to pay for it myself. Warm regards, Skyler Cannabaceae Founder The Cannabis Salvation Collective <a href="http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/cannabissalvation/rHEz/~3/qPV8ERNi2R8/a-job-offer-for-njweedman.html">Source</a>
  14. 1 point
    Hey everyone, I wanted to go to the Philly NORML open meeting tonight, so I started my trip right here in PA. The meeting went well. There was discussion about the upcoming Smoke Down Prohibition rally on October 25, 2013. This will be the 10th such rally held. If you are interested in cannabis at all and can make it, it is at the People's Plaza, 5th & Market St, Philly. It begins at 3pm and there is a moment of cannabis reflection at 4:20. Even if you just come for 4:20 or don’t want to take chances and want to leave before 4:20, attending at all would be a great step in the fight, plus you get to meet a lot of cool people. I would especially like to impress upon my fellow patients and caregivers that it is important for us to represent the MMJ aspect at these rallies. If you are a medical user and want to do a little public speaking, contact Philly NORML or myself. I'm decent with my writing, but I'm not a public speaker. There have been some great and very moving speakers at previous rallies, though. It's wonderful for people to hear our stories. The event is in an area with little shade, so if you have health conditions that the sun or heat will exacerbate, please check the weather report or prepare accordingly. It is important to fight, but better to live to fight another day. Among the things brought up at the meeting was to stress that there is nothing illegal about being at the rally because we are completely non-violent and it is organized with the cooperation of the Philadelphia police. While we are doing this as a form of civil disobedience and some of us will partake in the "reflection" (read smoking cannabis in public), it is not expected of you if you attend the rally. In fact, most attendees don't smoke in public or even have cannabis on their person in my experience. You can contribute to the fight just by showing up. The more people, the more attention we get. Don't worry about not stepping up; plenty of activists are lined up and ready. If you do as much as you are comfortable with, even if it's just discretely attending, I guarantee you it will help us to do the rest. I say "us", but unfortunately, I won't be able to make it to Smoke Down Prohibtion XI because of my road trip. I expect full reports back! Pictures, videos, reviews, everything! http://www.phillynorml.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/SDPX-poster-HQ.pdf There is one thing that I wanted to mention about the Smoke Down rallies and all cannabis rallies, for that matter. Please don't antagonize the law enforcement officers by being rude. They are regular people. They may be doing a job that you don't like, but I can tell you from being in customer service for 11 years that they don't deserve to be blamed for their boss's ideas or mistakes. Most don't want to be there any more than we want them there. Show a little empathy by giving them the same respect we are asking for with our protest. For those who still have the view that all police are bad for choosing to be police, I would ask that you still not be rude to them because it hurts the cause. The cannabis movement is spreading like a fast growing weed (nailed it) and it is growing so fast because the headlines we make are about reasonable people not disturbing anyone. Antagonizing law enforcement can only have the exact opposite result. In other words, if you want to legalize cannabis, don't be rude to the cops. If you don't want to legalize cannabis, please don't try to represent the rest of us at our peaceful rallies. I hope all my readers are well. Please smoke responsibly. Skyler <a href="http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/cannabissalvation/rHEz/~3/COfQB29N1cM/smoke-down-prohibition-x-this-time-it.html">Source</a>
  15. 1 point
    I keep seeing tweets and Facebook posts today about the Supreme Court refusing to make the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) review and reclassify marijuana as something other than a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (CSA). I believe as much as the next activist that the classification is bullshit and it needs to be changed. I also think that it is good propaganda for the cause and a useful tool to get people fired up by giving them someone to blame who doesn't defend themselves. But at the end of the day, I always come back to the importance of truth in reporting. First of all, let's be clear. The Court did not deny the writ of certiorari (a fancy and Latin way of saying a request for a case to be heard) because they looked at it and said we don't want to help these stoners. According to SupremeCourt.gov (the Court's official website), the court receives around 10,000 of these writs per year. They only have the time to hear about 75-80. The Supreme Court did not single out this case, look at the merits and say we don't feel like listening to this one because we don't agree with the politics. When the media says the appeal was declined, what they actually mean is that the Court's new term started and they just published their docket and this case isn't on there. Along with this case are roughly 99,925 other cases that didn't make the cut because the Court either agreed with the lower court's decision or did not feel it is a situation they could resolve. Members of the Court gather to decide what cases are heard and their job in their capacity as a Court of Appeal is to determine points of law, not facts and merits. In other words, petitioners cannot argue to a Court of Appeal that they should change the ruling because they know in their heart and head that it was wrongly decided. Appeals court judges are not even supposed to consider the merits at all, except as it applies to the point of law being argued. A Court of Appeal is there to hear arguments such as "Did the judge in the original trial act incorrectly by letting in evidence not allowed under rules of evidence?" or "Does the law that this person has broken violate that person's Due Process rights under the 14th Amendment?" (and trust me, that's a very much more complicated question than it seems). When these cases are argued, weight is given to whether the law is unconstitutional and, if not, did the government act in a way consistent with the statutes were already put in place by the Legislature. The courts can't just do what they want, regardless of how the media often portrays it when they do not act. They have strict rules. The District Court, Court of Appeals and Supreme Court all acted correctly under the mandate they were given by the Constitution and the Legislature. The DEA is not answerable to the courts in this case. The courts aren't permitted to force a change in the law, no matter how wrong that law may seem unless it violates the Constitution or current statutes, which denying a request to review the law doesn't. The Legislature acted correctly in their capacity to create the law (even though it's a piece of crap) and the DEA doesn't get to decide which laws to enforce. Even when a law is found to be unconstitutional, they will remove the law to be re-written, but the Court still can't change it to say what they think is right. The Legislature (your good old Congressmen/women and Senators) is charged with writing and changing laws. They are the only ones who can change the classification under the CSA, which is what the DEA uses to determine how they act. We need to be blaming and fighting the right people. People like to wail about the Supreme Court because they are an easy target. They never have to defend themselves, so most of the time they don't. Justices are appointed to life terms. It's extremely difficult to force one out before they are ready to retire. However, they do the job they are intended to do very well most of the time. Misleading people to believe that the Supreme Court could help them and refuses doesn't help matters any. We just have more misinformed citizens. The government has done enough of that already, I'd say. So write to your politicians and tell them they need to do the right thing and strongly push for clinical trials and help elect new politicians who will listen to our compassionate and completely reasonable plea. Spend your energy doing this, not wailing about the Court. Only fight for the things you can change. Otherwise you're just banging your head against a brick wall. Please smoke (and protest) responsibly, Skyler <a href="http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/cannabissalvation/rHEz/~3/8BuuTjQQxRI/who-you-should-be-blaming-for-refusal.html">Source</a>
  16. 1 point
    Sierra Riddle's story is a prime example of the sadness of our culture in today's world. She is trying to help her son, Landon, fight for his life against cancer (a disease with no known cure) the best way she knows how and with the least pain and harmful side effects. She is basing her decisions on strong evidence; not just anecdotal, but controlled scientific studies. Sierra is doing what any reasonable person would do in her shoes. Unfortunately, many reasonable people have still not been provided with the facts and research about Cannabinoid therapies and treatments and thankfully for them, they are not required to walk in a mile in those painful shoes. We try to make other people's private decisions for them in today's America. This is a violation of those people's Civil Rights, but we allowed them to be taken away from us by not remaining vigilant. We are all born with those rights. We all deserve to keep them. They are the same ones that are being fought for by minorities and disenfranchised peoples across the political spectrum. We fight this fight so hard and we support each other because if we don't, who else will? Unless you are fighting or have fought cancer (whether your own or a loved one's), you know you can't properly understand this woman's struggles and you know that other people should not be trying to make these decisions for her. Sierra is not a mother saying that she is going to stop chemotherapy and start praying or hoping or using medicinal herbs that have little or no proven effectiveness. Sierra is a reasonable person being advised by other reasonable people based on both anecdotal and scientific evidence of success. This evidence isn't from an obscure institution in northern Russia (no offense, my northern Russian friends). It can be easily found in studies published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and conducted at well-respected educational research institutions such as the University of California (among many others). Cannabinoid research managed to reach the main stream decades ago, but our elected government still refuses to heed the wisdom in these studies and end the War on Cannabis. Cannabinoid therapies and treatments are valid treatment options according to scientists and medical professionals the world over. I am not speaking in hyperbole. This is scientific fact. I continually read studies of the curative properties of THC and CBD from all corners of the civilized world, especially with regard to cancer. More and more former cancer patients are telling me that they firmly believe that they would not be alive today without cannabis and hundreds of scientific studies continue to support this belief. We can't take away other people's valid treatment options out of bias and discrimination toward a plant! How any American raised with the principles of American freedom instilled in them can imagine why allowing our government to take away our rights so easily is acceptable behavior is beyond me. This is a freedom that is supposed to be better than the rest of the world, we regularly brag about that. It is a freedom that has to be fought for to be sustained. What kind of example are we setting? Please, if you haven't already, take a moment to read the article below and please sign the petition it refers to on Change.org. If you have already done this, please encourage others to do so. The fight for Civil Rights continues with every single step, no matter how small. Even if you aren't concerned about your Civil Rights now, your life can change in an instant. We'll be there for you if it ever does. Please be here for us now. Thank you and please smoke responsibly, Skyler Cannabaceae Author The Cannabis Salvation Blog Sierra & Landon's Story Change.org Petition Source
  17. 1 point
    P. Aiden Hunt

    My Business Card

    So yeah, I got a business card so I could stop telling people my info. What do you think? <script> (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga'); ga('create', 'UA-44437549-1', 'cannabissalvation.com'); ga('send', 'pageview'); </script>http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/cannabissalvation/rHEz/~4/G15_6Tmjwfk <a href="http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/cannabissalvation/rHEz/~3/G15_6Tmjwfk/my-business-card.html">Source</a>
  18. 1 point
    Hey pifs, (Is that right?) This is a repost from my blog and every other social network I know. We're trying to get it to spread throughout the country. Maybe OOMP PIF members would like to have their own? If you do, definitely take pictures for me so I can write an article! Hey everyone! In celebration of the shut down of the federal government, Philly NORML along with many others are organizing Smoke Down the Shut Down rallies at National Parks. In Philadelphia, it'll be at 4:20pm. 5th and Market, The People's Plaza. The National Park Service was among the federal agencies shut down, along with the DEA. Come smoke some herbs and celebrate with us! There's no one to stop us! Hope to see you there, Skyler
  19. 1 point
    My current plan for this blog is to have two different post types; those that are personal such as me casually writing something that just occurred to me and those that are useful with posts containing information such as summaries of recent cannabis news, medical and political, and my opinion on it all. For the personal posts, I will only be tweeting about them on my private twitter account and occasionally my friend @the420army may send a shout out. Only useful posts will be put into mass social media distribution. I read that having set days to update your blog is a good way to maintain readers, so I am going to use Sunday and Wednesday as my days to update with a useful post. Sundays will be a medical/scientific post and Wednesdays will be a political/legal post. If you want to read my posts on days other than Wednesday and Sunday (pretty much whenever I have something I feel is worth saying), you should follow or bookmark the blog, because there won't be updates on Twitter, Reddit, Facebook, etc. Thanks for taking the time to read this and please smoke responsibly, Skyler
  20. 1 point
    EDDIEKIRK

    From: Oregon Meet

    Welcome to the Oregon Meet Forums. Participate in Discussions, Find helpful Resources, Upcoming Events and More. Please Be respectful of other peoples opinions, and in general. Logo Needed! Oregon Meet is a new community collaboration project. Membership is Free, and everyone is welcome to join! (18+) Oregon Meet is a fun way to Meet people & make new friends. Post to the Blog. Discover local artists and musicians, and be discovered! Share your creative talents with like-minded people. Find Upcoming events near you and add Events to the Calendar. Create and Participate in Forum Discussions. Upload Photos and Videos to the Galleries. Sign Up and start contributing! Be a part of this fun and unique new community! ***Please spread the word to help us grow!*** http://www.oregonmeet.com/ Oregon Meet Source: Oregon Meet
  21. 1 point
    Source: Americans Are Being Prepared For Full Spectrum Tyr
  22. 1 point
  23. 1 point
    http://www.oregonliv...portland_p.html This post has been promoted to an article Source: May Day Portland: Protesters Mix It Up With Police
  24. 1 point
    HEALED: How I Cured My Cancer with Cannabis By Charmie Gholson Editors Note: This story is the first in a series exploring the curative powers of marijuana, told from the perspective of the people who say they have used it to heal themselves. These claims are not a part of a formal study and have not been evaluated by a scientific panel. They are documented observations of the patient and his treating physician. The American Cultivator believes in relaying these stories, with the hope that more research will be forced to fruition and assist in the reduction of patient suffering from chronic illness. Mike McShane has endured five bouts of Squamous cell carcinoma cancer. He’s spent a million dollars and has been treated with radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery by this team of doctors at the Detroit Medical Center. Today, he believes the invasive treatments were unnecessary. He says he’s cured his latest bout with the disease using a highly concentrated form of marijuana oil called Simpson Oil. More McShane’s first bout with cancer occurred a few years later. His doctors cut a wedge out of his lip. Soon after, he noticed a lump in his neck. He underwent radical neck surgery that removed part of his jugular vein. He also underwent radiation treatment. “By the time they were done I couldn’t talk, plus they cut the nerve in my neck. I had to learn how to talk again. The radiation they used on me was so strong it burned my throat.” A few years after the neck dissection, McShane experienced colon cancer, which resulted in surgery and chemotherapy. “The colon cancer was a pain in the ass,” he laughs, “but it wasn’t anything like the neck surgery.” After the colon issue McShane had a major outbreak of cancer in four areas on his face. They performed surgery on his forehead, both lips and cheek in a surgical suite, using local anesthetic while McShane was awake. He says he could feel everything and asked for more anesthesia. The doctor would first removed tissue, then send it to a nearby lab for testing while McShane waited in the chair. He repeated this process until all the cancer was gone. By then, he had removed a substantial amount of Michael McShane’s face. He was rushed out through the back of the clinic. “I walked in looking normal and now it looked like a pipe bomb went off in my face,” he says, “From a marketing perspective, they had me go out the back door.” After eight hours of reconstructive surgery, and another six procedures for scar revisions and lip clefts, McShane’s oncology procedure was deemed successful. In June of 2011, the cancer on his face returned, growing back in the same places where it had been surgically removed. By then he was growing marijuana, acting as a caregiver under the Medical Marihuana Act. McShane recalls a powerful, dawning moment of learning that marijuana cured cancer. “There I was in the basement, with the plants growing, and the lights and fans humming. I couldn’t believe it. The thought of curing my cancer with this oil was almost too much.” Source: Healed: How I Cured My Cancer With Cannabis
  25. 1 point
    EDDIEKIRK

    Butane Honey Oil, Or Bho

    Butane Honey Oil, or BHO, is the essential oil from the cannabis plant, extracted using n-Butane as a solvent. If it is extracted from fresh material, it is a Concrete, and if from cured material, it is an Oleoresin. A concrete or an oleoresin that has been winterized to remove the waxes, lipids, and fats, is known as an Absolute. More from the author Butane Honey Oil extraction refers to the method used to extract the essential oils from cannabis, and there are multiple theories on the best way to accomplish this, as well as what material is best to use. Perhaps the first question is why use a BHO technique to extract the resins, instead of just boiling the material in alcohol to get the greatest amount of extracted material? The answer to that is that because butane is relatively non polar, it doesn’t extract the water solubles like chlorophyll and plant alkaloids. Butane produces one of the cleanest extractions, albeit typically at a lower yield than polar alcohol. On average we have extracted about 18% oil by weight from bud, but as low as 5.7% absolute and as high as 25 absolute%. The first wash will usually extract 75 to 80%, leaving the balance for the second after repacking the column. The second extraction will be more sedative and less heady. If you use a hand microscope, you can easily see when the trichome heads are gone and the stalks look like wet fur. We’ve only tried a few processes here at the pharm, so I will cover only simple flow through columns, a thermos bottle, a pressurized system, and a closed loop one. We currently use a closed loop system for BHO, and as I am covering that process on a separate thread named The Tepenator, where I will detail building our second generation automated system. Prior to using our DIY closed loop system, we did our BHO extractions using single pass flow through packed columns, and experimented with a thermos and a simple pressurized system to soak at ambient temperature. I will cover simple columns and thermos bottles separately, as the techniques are different and I need to make some more pictures for the latter. Before we discuss how to extract the essential oils from cannabis, let us talk about the plant material to be used. That immediately brings to mind the qualifying question, “What do you want to use it for?” Oil that is to be vaporized, is normally treated differently than oil that is used orally or topically, because it doesn’t need to be decarboxylated. For cannabis concentrates to be orally and topically active, it does require that the THCA and CBDA be converted to THC and CBD, by a heating or drying process. I will cover that issue under a separate thread on Decarboxylation, so as to not clutter this post.

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